The mission aims at doubling average speed of freight trains and increasing average speed of coaching trains by 25kmph over a five year period. It was launched as part of strategy of Indian Railways to keep pace with growing competition from competing modes viz. road and airlines etc. Under it, specific actions and policy decisions have been initiated on railways for addressing different factors inhibiting average speeds. Under it, major constraints to rail mobility such as non-uniform sectional speeds have been identified and multi-pronged strategy has been developed to overcome the existing impediments due to fixed infrastructure, movable infrastructure, operational practices and institutional mechanisms.
The mission will help to reduce travel time for passengers, transit time for cargo reduce operational cost, improve revenues and railway’s market share and also reduce pollution as railways in considered environmentally friendly and economical mode of transport. Principal routes of railways on Golden Quadrilateral (Delhi-Mumbai-Chennai-Kolkatta) along with diagonals which carry approximately 58% of freight traffic and 52% of coaching traffic has been taken up for initial emphasis of the mission.